Paradigma Integration: persönliche und kontextuelle Determinanten integrativen Verhaltens: eine empirische Studie mit Eltern von Schülern und Schülerinnen portugiesischer, türkischer, kurdischer und tamilischer Herkunft in der Stadt Zürich

Author(s) : Isabel Bartal

Source : https://www.zora.uzh.ch/id/eprint/163162/

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Die Entwicklung von Organisations- und Teamstrukturen zur Integration von Flüchtlingen: Zwei Fallbeispiele aus der Schweiz

Author(s) : Antje Barabasch, Seraina Leumann, Ursula Scharnhorst

Source : https://doi.org/10.1007/s11612-016-0336-4

Abstract:

« Der Artikel widmet sich den organisationalen und teambezogenen Herausforderungen der Flüchtlingsintegration in der Schweiz aus der Perspektive der Akteure in Organisationen, die diese Aufgabe täglich wahrnehmen. Auf der Basis von Interviews mit Mitarbeitenden der Zürcher Fachorganisation AOZ sowie der Fachstelle Integration in Graubünden wird die Herausbildung und Funktionsweise unterschiedlicher Organisationsstrukturen erörtert und hinsichtlich ihrer Adaption an strukturelle Bedingungen der Region sowie spezifische Anforderungen der ankommenden Flüchtlinge analysiert. Dabei werden vor allem Maßnahmen zur beruflichen und sozialen Integration kritisch betrachtet. Die beiden Organisationen wurden gewählt, weil erstere in der Schweiz sehr etabliert ist und bereits seit mehr als 30 Jahren in der Flüchtlingsintegration tätig ist und letztere besonders erfolgreich Flüchtlinge bei der Integration in den ersten Arbeitsmarkt unterstützt hat. Zahlreiche Herausforderungen, die sich für Flüchtlinge bei der Ankunft in der Schweiz stellen, erfordern unterschiedliche zielgerichtete Angebote (Sprachförderung, kulturelle Integration, psychologische Betreuung etc.). Um dieses Spektrum koordiniert bedienen zu können, sind ausgewogene Teamstrukturen erforderlich. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass sich die beiden Organisationen trotz nahezu identischem Aufgabenbereich in ihrer Struktur, Aufgabenverteilung und Integration in Netzwerke maßgeblich unterscheiden. »
Schlüsselwörter : Flüchtlinge, Soziale und berufliche Integration, Organisations- und Teamstrukturen 

The article is concerned with the organizational and team-related challenges of integration of refugees in Switzerland from the perspective of the actors in organizations who assume this task in their daily work. Based on interviews with employees of the Zürcher Fachorganisation AOZ and the Fachstelle Integration Graubünden the development and functionality of different organizational structures will be discussed and analyzed with regard to their adaptation to structural conditions of the region as well as specific requirements of the arriving refugees. Particular consideration is given to measures of social and professional integration. The two organizations were chosen because the former is well established in Switzerland and has been active in the integration of refugees for more than 30 years and the latter has been particularly successful in assisting refugees to get a placement in the primary labor market. Numerous challenges of newly arriving refugees in Switzerland require different targeted services (language training, cultural integration, psychological support, etc.). In order to meet these requirements coordinated, balanced team structures are required. The results show that the two organizations differ considerably in their structure, distribution of tasks and integration into networks despite almost identical remits.

Keywords : Refugees, Social and professional integration, Organizational and team structures 

 

 

The Granddaughter’s Dissertation: Some Thoughts on Knowledge about Migration in 1960s Switzerland

Author(s) : Kijan Espahangizi

Source : https://historyofknowledge.net/2017/08/10/the-granddaughters-dissertation/

Abstract:

While studying the scholarly literature on immigration in post–World War II Switzerland, the personal dedication in a 1964 dissertation about the “assimilation of foreign workers” caught my attention: “In memory of my paternal grandmother Antonietta Zanolli-Recati, who in 1905 moved with her family from Belluno to Zurich, the land of Pestalozzi.” This dedication interests me because it points to the ambiguity of “migrant knowledge,” a concept that has been introduced only recently to academic debates at the intersection of the histories of migration and knowledge. The case of Satuila Zanolli, the author of this dedication and the study it accompanied, invites a closer look at the interrelation of two different aspects of the broader problem of migration and knowledge formation: (1) knowledge possessed by the migrants themselves, that is, migrant knowledge in the truest sense of the term, and (2) knowledge about the phenomenon of migration, that is, migration knowledge.

 

 

Electoral Discrimination Against Immigrant-Origin Candidates

Author(s) : Lea Portmann, Nenad Stojanović

Source : https://doi.org/10.1007/s11109-017-9440-6

Abstract:

This article explores the Electoral Discrimination thesis, according to which voters tend to discriminate against minority candidates. The free-list PR system used in Swiss elections—which allows voters to cast negative preference votes against candidates they do not want to support—offers a unique opportunity to test this thesis. Specifically, we analyze the relationship between immigrant-origin candidates bearing non-Swiss names and the negative preference votes allocated by voters to single candidates. Using a novel research strategy, based on election data stemming from our analysis of real ballots cast in the 2014 local elections in the Canton of Zurich, the article shows that candidates with non-Swiss names incur a significant electoral penalty. The effects of Electoral Discrimination are stronger, however, among supporters of parties from the Right and Center-Right. Interestingly, candidates bearing non-Swiss but Western names do not fare better than candidates with names of non-Western origin. We argue that our results have important implications for the comparative literature interested in electoral systems and minority representation.

Keywords: Electoral systems, Electoral behavior, Minority representation, Immigrant-origin minorities, Discrimination