Migration, Geschlecht und der Kampf um Rechte : grenzüberschreitender Aktivismus italienischer Migrantinnen in der Schweiz der 1960er und 1970er Jahre

Author(s) : Sarah Baumann

Source : http://doi.org/10.5169/seals-515042

Abstract:

« Women accounted for one-third of the post-war migration from Italy to Switzerland. Nevertheless, there has been remarkably little discussion of their experiences and practices in historical research in Switzerland.This seems due to the ingrained assumption that the typical migrant was male and that women passively followed as family members.This paper challenges this perspective on female migration by showing migrant women as socio-political actors. »

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Publicités

Femmes subsahariennes séropositives en Suisse : le VIH à l’épreuve de l’intersectionnalité

Author(s) : Michela Villani, Laura Mellini, Francesca Poglia Mileti

Source : https://doi.org/10.3917/cdge.065.0215

Abstract:

« La condition de migrante et les incidences des politiques migratoires dans l’attribution d’un statut légal déterminent les conditions économiques, sociales, relationnelles et parfois sanitaires des femmes concernées par le VIH. Les difficultés d’acquérir un permis de séjour stable, les obstacles à l’exercice d’une activité professionnelle et les formes de discrimination liées à la séropositivité actualisent les risques de précarisation, d’exclusion et d’exploitation en lien avec le genre et l’origine. À partir d’une enquête qualitative menée en Suisse, cet article décrit la trajectoire-type d’une femme subsaharienne et séropositive prise dans l’enchaînement des formes de domination dues à la migration. L’analyse intersectionnelle de ce parcours met en lumière l’interdépendance des formes d’inégalités et l’effet de ces inégalités dans les trajectoires de femmes séropositives en contexte migratoire. »

Mots-clés : femmes subsahariennes, intersectionnalité, migration, sexualité, santé, VIH, inégalités

« The status of migrant women and the impact of immigration policies in terms of granting legal status determine the economic, social, and sometimes health conditions of women affected by HIV as well as their social relations. The difficulties of acquiring a residence permit, obstacles to professional activity, and forms of discrimination linked to being HIV-positive make the risks of precariousness, exclusion, and exploitation related to gender and origin more acute. Based on a qualitative fieldwork conducted in Switzerland, this article describes the typical trajectory of an HIV-positive sub-Saharan woman caught in the chain of forms of migration-related domination. The intersectional analysis of this journey highlights the interdependence of forms of inequality and the effect of these inequalities on the trajectories of migrant HIV-positive women. »

Keywords : Sub-Saharan women, intersectionality, migration, sexuality, health, HIV, inequality

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Female employment following childbirth: differences between native and immigrant women in Switzerland

Author(s) : Elena Vidal-Coso

Source : https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183X.2018.1444983

Abstract:

« This paper analyses how native and immigrant women adapt their labour supply soon after childbirth in Switzerland. The analysis aims to examine whether the heterogeneity in post-birth female employment is explained by differences by women’s origin with respect to skills composition, occupational attainment and household financial situation. Using 2010–2015 panel data from the Swiss Labour Force Survey, multinomial models focus on the transitions experienced by employed women from t−1 (one year prior) to different levels of labour-market involvement in t (reference week) after childbirth (which occurs when a woman has a child of less than one year of age in t). Three possible outcomes are considered: same/more working hours, fewer working hours, and withdrawal from employment. Double hurdle models are also used to account for the total amount of hours worked by those women who remain in employment after childbirth. In post-birth employment patterns, a larger positive effect of women’s opportunity cost, measured through educational attainment and previous job characteristics, than of partners’ income, is observed, especially for immigrant women. »

KEYWORDS: Female employmentchildbirthnative and immigrant womenopportunity costSwitzerland

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Sexual and reproductive healthcare for women asylum seekers in Switzerland: a multi-method evaluation

Author(s) : Eva Cignacco, Friederike zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, Coline Sénac, Anja Hurni, Doris Wyssmüller, Jean Anthony Grand-Guillaume-Perrenoud, Anke Berger

Source : https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3502-2

Abstract:

«Forced migration significantly endangers health. Women face numerous health risks, including sexual violence, lack of contraception, sexually transmitted disease, and adverse perinatal outcomes. Therefore, sexual and reproductive healthcare is a significant aspect of women asylum seekers’ health. Even when healthcare costs of asylum seekers are covered by the government, there may be strong barriers to healthcare access and specific needs may be addressed inadequately. The study’s objectives were a) to assess the accommodation and healthcare services provided to women asylum seekers in standard and specialised health care, b) to assess the organisation of healthcare provision and how it addresses the sexual and reproductive healthcare needs of women asylum seekers.»

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