Labour market integration of refugees in developed countries: a comparison between Belgium and Switzerland

Author(s) : Pauline Cocquyt

Source : https://lib.ugent.be/fulltxt/RUG01/002/784/414/RUG01-002784414_2019_0001_AC.pdf

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Female employment following childbirth: differences between native and immigrant women in Switzerland

Author(s) : Elena Vidal-Coso

Source : https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183X.2018.1444983

Abstract:

« This paper analyses how native and immigrant women adapt their labour supply soon after childbirth in Switzerland. The analysis aims to examine whether the heterogeneity in post-birth female employment is explained by differences by women’s origin with respect to skills composition, occupational attainment and household financial situation. Using 2010–2015 panel data from the Swiss Labour Force Survey, multinomial models focus on the transitions experienced by employed women from t−1 (one year prior) to different levels of labour-market involvement in t (reference week) after childbirth (which occurs when a woman has a child of less than one year of age in t). Three possible outcomes are considered: same/more working hours, fewer working hours, and withdrawal from employment. Double hurdle models are also used to account for the total amount of hours worked by those women who remain in employment after childbirth. In post-birth employment patterns, a larger positive effect of women’s opportunity cost, measured through educational attainment and previous job characteristics, than of partners’ income, is observed, especially for immigrant women. »

KEYWORDS: Female employmentchildbirthnative and immigrant womenopportunity costSwitzerland

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The Abolition of Immigration Restrictions and the Performance of Firms and Workers: Evidence from Switzerland

Author(s) : Andreas Beerli, Jan Ruffner, Michael Siegenthaler, Giovanni Peri

Source : https://www.nber.org/papers/w25302

Abstract:

«We study a reform that granted European cross-border workers free access to the Swiss labor market. Our Differences-in-Differences estimations leverage the fact that regions close to the border were affected more intensely and earlier. The greater availability of cross-border workers increased their employment but also wages and possibly employment of highly educated native workers although the new cross-border workers were also highly educated. The reason is a simultaneous increase in labor demand in skill-intensive firms: the reform increased the size, productivity, innovation performance of some incumbent firms, attracted new firms, and created opportunities for natives to pursue managerial jobs.»

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