La migration dans le réseau d’interdépendances globales

Author(s) : Etienne Piguet

Source : http://doc.rero.ch/record/308878

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Migration, migrant integration and support for social spending: The case of Switzerland

Author(s) : Dennis Spies, Alexander Schmidt-Catran

Source : https://doi.org/10.1177/0958928715612170

Abstract:

« An extensive body of scholarship has claimed that the relationship between migration and the welfare state is a potentially troublesome one, because the native population might be concerned about the fiscal, economic and cultural threats this poses. At the same time, studies have argued that ‘migrants differ’, not only in their actual numbers but also in their similarities or differences compared with the native population. Taking these differences into account, we analyse the effect of the integration of migrants for natives’ support for welfare. In detail, we test for the possibility that the integration of migrants might have a direct impact on the economic and cultural difficulties which natives associate with migration and in this way will have an indirect effect on their support for social spending. Our results show that the objective integration of migrants has only limited relevance for the relationship between migration and welfare support and point to the need to focus on subjectively perceived migration- and integration-related attitudes of natives. »

Keywords Economic and cultural threats, integration, migration, Switzerland, welfare chauvinism, welfare spending, welfare support

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Die Entwicklung von Organisations- und Teamstrukturen zur Integration von Flüchtlingen: Zwei Fallbeispiele aus der Schweiz

Author(s) : Antje Barabasch, Seraina Leumann, Ursula Scharnhorst

Source : https://doi.org/10.1007/s11612-016-0336-4

Abstract:

« Der Artikel widmet sich den organisationalen und teambezogenen Herausforderungen der Flüchtlingsintegration in der Schweiz aus der Perspektive der Akteure in Organisationen, die diese Aufgabe täglich wahrnehmen. Auf der Basis von Interviews mit Mitarbeitenden der Zürcher Fachorganisation AOZ sowie der Fachstelle Integration in Graubünden wird die Herausbildung und Funktionsweise unterschiedlicher Organisationsstrukturen erörtert und hinsichtlich ihrer Adaption an strukturelle Bedingungen der Region sowie spezifische Anforderungen der ankommenden Flüchtlinge analysiert. Dabei werden vor allem Maßnahmen zur beruflichen und sozialen Integration kritisch betrachtet. Die beiden Organisationen wurden gewählt, weil erstere in der Schweiz sehr etabliert ist und bereits seit mehr als 30 Jahren in der Flüchtlingsintegration tätig ist und letztere besonders erfolgreich Flüchtlinge bei der Integration in den ersten Arbeitsmarkt unterstützt hat. Zahlreiche Herausforderungen, die sich für Flüchtlinge bei der Ankunft in der Schweiz stellen, erfordern unterschiedliche zielgerichtete Angebote (Sprachförderung, kulturelle Integration, psychologische Betreuung etc.). Um dieses Spektrum koordiniert bedienen zu können, sind ausgewogene Teamstrukturen erforderlich. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass sich die beiden Organisationen trotz nahezu identischem Aufgabenbereich in ihrer Struktur, Aufgabenverteilung und Integration in Netzwerke maßgeblich unterscheiden. »
Schlüsselwörter : Flüchtlinge, Soziale und berufliche Integration, Organisations- und Teamstrukturen 

The article is concerned with the organizational and team-related challenges of integration of refugees in Switzerland from the perspective of the actors in organizations who assume this task in their daily work. Based on interviews with employees of the Zürcher Fachorganisation AOZ and the Fachstelle Integration Graubünden the development and functionality of different organizational structures will be discussed and analyzed with regard to their adaptation to structural conditions of the region as well as specific requirements of the arriving refugees. Particular consideration is given to measures of social and professional integration. The two organizations were chosen because the former is well established in Switzerland and has been active in the integration of refugees for more than 30 years and the latter has been particularly successful in assisting refugees to get a placement in the primary labor market. Numerous challenges of newly arriving refugees in Switzerland require different targeted services (language training, cultural integration, psychological support, etc.). In order to meet these requirements coordinated, balanced team structures are required. The results show that the two organizations differ considerably in their structure, distribution of tasks and integration into networks despite almost identical remits.

Keywords : Refugees, Social and professional integration, Organizational and team structures